"Their light will run before them and on their right hands; they will say: Our Lord! Perfect our light for us, and forgive us! Lo! Thou art Able to do all things." — Holy Qur'an 66:8
2017 — The Year for Higher Spiritual Enlightenment
Diamond Jubilee Spark :: Rumi says 'Union with Him is the Night of Power' (Holy Qur'an XCVII)
Enlightenment Post No. 26 :: Knowledge & Prayers for Advancement
Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim
In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.
Ya Ali Madad! The launch of Diamond Jubilee year of Noor Mowlana Shah Karim Al-Hussaini Hazar Imam (a.s.) is only 26 days away. To keep up with the momentum, here is another enlightenment post to increase our knowledge and enhance our yearning through Dhikr and Angelic Salwat. This enlightenment post has a dhikr track titled, 'Noore Karim, Ya Rabb' because the divine name Lord (Rabb) alludes to the divine root of the existent things, since God is the "Lord" of all.
The objective of this enlightenment post is to first explore some descriptions of terms from 'The Concise Encyclopedia of Islam' by Cyril Glassé and follow this up with the teachings of Rumi and Ibn al-'Arabi on how to continually harness Light in our ascent to our Origin. The process of enlightenment is just not something which happens like a 'Big Bang'. It is a process of constant unveiling; 'kholo parda' (removing veils) is an endless sequence. According to Ibn al-'Arabi, one has to struggle to get an opening, and then go through the process of seeing sparks of Light through the long road of darkness. Then he says, 'Those noble lights will never cease becoming manifest to him through his acts of spiritual struggle (mujahada) and his striving until a greatest light is unveiled for him'. Many people think the vision of the greatest light will happen suddenly. I think this is far from the truth because one has to have capacity to absorb Light. Thus, one has go through the process of constant unveiling first because these are great bestowals. in our Tariqah, our beloved Holy Imam constantly enlightens and increases the intensity of Light in our souls. The murids and the mumins who perform great seva (unconditional volunteer service) and bandagi should thank Noor Mowlana Hazar Imam for all the Light that he has already invested into their souls. We should all be thankful for the opportunities that the Holy Imam is giving us so that he can invest more of his Light in us!
This is how I understand Light upon Light. I will support this concept from the readings from the sources that I have cited above and I will conclude with two examples of how some people experienced higher spiritual enlightenment.
Here are some important terms from the above source:
Laylat al-Qadr: (lit. "night of power" or "destiny"). The night in the year 610 A.D. in which the Koran descended, in its entirety, into the soul of the Prophet. It is one of the last ten nights of the month of Ramadan. For this reason the last ten nights of Ramadân are taken to be particularly holy. On that night, the Angel Gabriel first spoke to the Prophet, the Koran was revealed, and the Divine mission began.
The Surah 97 describes the Night of Power as "better than a thousand months ...peace until the rising of the dawn." It is related the Â'ishah, the Prophet's wife, explained that Laylat al-Qadr is the "soul of the Prophet". That is to say, since the Prophet is all of creation in the form of a man, the night corresponds to his soul. This also implies that the true nature of human soul is a receptacle of God's revelation. (p.243)
Please note that the whole of the Holy Qur'an entered into the soul of the Holy Prophet (s.a.s.) on Laylat al-Qadr in year 610 A.D. The Holy Qur'an was revealed to the people over a period of 23 years, i.e. from the time when the Holy Prophet (s.a.s) was 40 years old till the age of 63 years when he passed away.
In order to understand the last sentence of the above definition, we need to understand to understand some basic principles of Sufism:
Sufism: (Ar. at-tasawwuf). The mysticism or esoterism of Islam. ... Sufism is the science of direct knowledge of God; its doctrines and methods are derived from the Koran and Islamic revelation. (p.375)
Sufism is the "inward" path of union, which complements the shâri'ah, or "outward" law, namely exoterism, the formal "clothing" of religion. Sufism is esoterism, the perception of the supra-formal essence which is "seen" by "the eye of the heart" (ayn al-qalb). All true belief has the "taste" (dhawq) of Sufism in it, for without it belief would be theoretical knowledge which committed one to nothing and engaged one in nothing. Sufism takes Islam, and the testimony of faith (shahâdah), and removes limitations from the understanding of its meaning until the dividing line between the "world" (manifestation), and Reality (God), has been "pushed back" to the very limit and nothing but God remains. The Koran calls those who know the essence of things "the possessors of the kernels" (ulû-l-albâb); in turn Sufis liken esoteric knowledge to a "kernel" (lubb), hidden within a shell. This kernel is the "essence" or "intrinsic truth" (haqîqah), which resided at the center of the circle of knowledge and, at the same time, contains the circle itself. Leading to this center from the circumference, which is exoterism, is the radius, the Sufic spiritual path (tarîqah). (p.377)
From the above, we can understand clearly why we practise the Ismaili Tariqah and why we emphasize the esoteric dimension more than the exoteric dimension. Now let us read about the forms of Sufism, especially dhikr:
Sufism has many forms, but always contains two poles: doctrine and method. Doctrine can be summarized as intellectual discrimination between the Real and the unreal, the basis for this being found essentially in the shahâdah: "there is no god but God" or "there is no reality but the Reality". Method can be summarized as concentration upon the Real by the "remembrance of God" (dhikr Allâh), the invocation of the Divine Name (dhikr means "remembrance". "mention", "invocation"). Both doctrine and method must, however, be complemented by perfect surrender to God and the maintenance of an equilibrium through the spiritual regime, which is Islam. (p.377)
Invocation is the quintessential means of actualizing the Divine Presence and passing from intellectual theory to experience and realization. In Scholastic terms this is a movement from potency to act — in effect to "union" with God (ittihâd) or the realization of the Oneness of God (tawhîd), which is goal of Sufism. (p.377)
The Koran often underlines the importance of invocation in words such as these: "Remember God standing or sitting" (3:191); "...Those who believe and do good works, and remember God much ..." (26:277); and "Surely the Remembrance of God is greatest" (wa ladhikru-Llahi akbar) (29:45). The principle of reciprocity between God and man is expressed by God's revealed words: "Therefore remember Me: I will remember you" (fâdhkurûnî adhkurkum) (2:152) (p.377)
Chittick writes: Allusion has already been made to a basic goal of the spiritual path: the subjugation of the ego by the intellect. Man's fundamental problem is that he does not perceive things the way they truly are. Since he sees form and not meaning, he falls under the spell of the enchantress, this world. But the touchstone world is not at fault, man's vision is defective; he must begin the task of dispelling illusion within himself.
Rumi says: The "sword of religion" is he who enters combat for religion's sake and whose efforts are totally for God. He discerns correct from incorrect and truth from falsehood. But, he first struggles with himself and rectifies his own character traits. As the Prophet has said, "Begin with your own self!" (F 171/179) (p. 148)
Chittick writes: Everything man can possibly wish to possess is contained within himself. Made in God's image, he embraces all His Attributes. Man's perfected heart is God's throne, but his ego is the veil which prevents him from seeing his true Self. Until the veil is lifted, he will remain in ignorance and error. (p.148)
Rumi says: The great scholars of the age split hairs in all the sciences. They have gained total knowledge and complete mastery of things that have nothing to do with them. But that which is important and closer to him than anything else, namely his own self, this your great scholar does not know. (F 17/30) (p. 148)
Rumi says: Purify yourself from the attributes of self,
Chittick writes: Only when man's ego is truly obliterated and annihilated may he properly say "I". But then he is not saying it, for his attributes have been replaced by God's Attributes. At this stage of subsistence on God man truly "carries the Trust" and becomes God's vicegerent on earth, the full and conscious manifestation of His Being. But when a man says "I" before reaching this station, he is affirming the existence of his own self. Even if he is a believer he is saying, "I exist and God exists." But this contradicts the shahâdah, which states that 'There is no reality but the Real." Since "I-ness" is a reality, man's I-ness is unreal. In truth "There is no I but I." But here it is no longer man's "I", it is God's "I". As long as man's ego and selfhood exists, he is an unbeliever and an idolater, for he continues to affirm—in practice if not in theory—that there are two real existents, two "I's." (p.191)
Rumi says: With God, two I's cannot find room. You say "I" and He says "I". Either you die before Him , or let Him die before you; then duality will not remain. But it is impossible for Him to die, either subjectively or objectively, since He is the Living God, the undying (XXV 58). He possesses such gentleness that were it possible, he would die for you so that duality may vanish. But since it is impossible for him to die, you die, so that He may manifest to you and duality may vanish. (F 24-25/36) (p. 191)
Chittick writes: At the highest stages, "union" is equivalent to "subsistence" [Baqa] in God. Subsistence in turn is the other side of annihilation [fana]: Annihilation, or the negation of self, ['an— hu(n) khudi karo rasoi' in the sixth verse of the ginan, Abdhu man jite of Pir Hasan Kabirdin] results in subsistence, or the affirmation of Self. Union with God is self-affirmation, so separation from Him is self existence [hu(n) khudi]. As long as man continues to live under the illusion of the real existence of his own ego, his own selfhood [hu(n) khudi], he is far from God. Only through the negation of himself [an— hu(n) khudi karo rasoi] can he attain to union with Him. (p.232)
Rumi says: Union with Him is the Night of Power (Koran XCVII), separation from Him the night of the grave—the night of the grave see miraculous a generosity and replenishment from the Night of His Power (D 6169) (p. 233)
I have heard many talks on the topic of Laylat al-Qadr, the Night of Power, but the teaching of Rumi that 'Union with Him is the Night of Power' is a great insight because it is completely consistent with the teaching of Noor Mowlana Sultan Muhammad Shah (a.s.) that every night is Laylat al-Qadr for true mu'mins who perform productive bandagi with full concentration. In their ascent through bandagi they experience union with the Beloved and then come back to this world. Every night is Laylat al-Qadr, the Night of Power, for them. Let us hope, act and pray that we all be blessed with such a lofty status in our personal searches.
The following excerpts from Chittick's book. 'The Sufi Path of Love' clearly describe the potential of each lover of God. The upward journey is long and arduous but the rewards are immense. These two paragraphs also set the stage for the description of unveiling which occurs in the spiritual journey as described by Ibn al-'Arabi in the next section.
Chittick writes: God's Love, through which the world comes into existence, manifests itself in keeping with two fundamental categories of Attributes: those of Severity and Gentleness. As we have already seen, the whole universe—all its oppositions, conflicts, and variegations—derives from the harmonious interaction of these two Attributes. For the lover, they manifest themselves as separation and union. Hence, both separation and union are performing the same task: making the Hidden Treasure manifest. Through their interplay man is led ever upward towards the full and complete manifestation of the Attributes which are reflected within himself.
In describing the innumerable spiritual stations and states experienced by the lover, the Sufi poets employ a wide range of images and symbols. Although these are drawn from the world of "forms," these are chosen deliberately for the particular "meanings" they express—meanings that are unveiled for the Sufi in his visions and ecstasies. Many of them take on the character of technical terms in Sufi literature. (p.233)
|Chittick writes: Unveiling takes place when God illuminates the heart, enabling it to see into the unseen world. "Opening" (fath, futuh) as discussed in the introduction, is for God to "open the door" to the unseen world through disclosing Himself to the heart, or to "open up" the heart to direct knowledge of Him. The term also signifies the beginning of something, and it is often used to refer to that stage of spiritual ascent when a person enters into the realm of unveiling. The door is opened for him, and he no longer has to follow an authority outside himself. (pp.222-3)
Please read the Candle Post No. 119 titled 'Unveiling or Self-Disclosure of God' to get a perspective from our ginanic literature.
Let us first read the followings ayat from the Holy Qur'an about the luminous hand of Prophet Moses (a.s.):
|Qaala 'in-kunta ji'-ta bi-'Aayatin fa'-ti bihaaa-'in kunta minas-saadiqiin. (7:106)||He (Pharaoh) said: "If thou hast come with a sign, then bring it, if thou art of the truthful ones." (7:106)|
|Fa-'alqaa 'Asaahu fa-'izaa hiyu su'-baanum-mubiin! (7:107)||So he (Moses) threw (down) his rod, and lo! It was a serpent clearly seen. (7:107)|
|Wa naza-'a yadahuu fa-'izaa hiya bay-zaaa-'u lin-naa-ziriin! (7:108)||Then867 drew he (Moses) forth his hand (out of his bosom) and lo! It was white (shining bright) to (all) beholders. (7:108)|
How is the Holy Imam's Hand Symbolized in the External World?
|The inspiration for the Aga Khan Foundation logo comes from the right hand, a universal symbol of skill, achievement and caring. The fingers symbolize the five pillars of Islam and the five senses of human kind. The symbol was designed in 1978 by Zahour Ul-Akhlaq of Pakistan.|
In the story of Prophet Moses (a.s.), the mu'mins in his time could see his luminous hand with their inner eye. Outwardly, we see the hand of Noor Mowlana Hazar Imam as the logo of the Aga Khan Foundation. If the mu'mins in the time of Prophet Moses (a.s.) could see his luminous hand, why would it be not possible for us to see the luminous hand of Noor Mowlana Hazar Imam with the eye of our spiritual hearts?
Let us read the following excerpts from the Epilogue of the above-mentioned book:
There is one aspect of the role indicated by his epithet Bâqir al-'Ilm, the one who 'splits open' knowledge. In addition to his importance in the transmission of formal knowledge, he also played the role of a spiritual guide. The Shi'i tradition discussed on chapter four, highlights in particular this characteristic of the imamate, where the concept of 'light' becomes associated with the spiritual quality of an imam's knowledge and his role as a spiritual guide. These two complementary dimensions of knowledge, formal and spiritual, are what makes an imam an imam. It is clear that al-Bâqir's role was perceived as that of a guide and initiator into the inner paths of knowledge and wisdom. This knowledge is experiential and spiritual, realised within the heart of each individual believer.
An illustration of this role of the imam as an embodiment of the knowledge that he radiates can be gleaned from the following account of the dialogue between al-Bâqir and Jâbir al-Ju'fi:
Jâbir related that he once visited Imam al-Bâqir's house and found him reciting words of praise with prayer beads in his hand. Jâbir said within himself, in the awe of the imam's presence, "Truly you are great. Jâbir's account continues:
The Imam raised his head and said to me, 'Truly he is great whom He has made great; and he is knowledgeable whom He has made knowledgeable, through what has come from Him to me. I am the servant of God, glorified and exalted be He!'
I said within myself, 'This is [but] the veil: so what will the Veiled be like!' Then he raised his head toward to me, and I saw a tremendous radiance, a dazzling light that my sight could scarcely bear, and my intellect could scarcely comprehend. Then the imam said [speaking to God], 'This is indeed one of Your Friends.' He then asked me, 'Shall I give [you] more? I said 'This is enough for me'. (pp.127-128)
I have the following excerpts which provide a great synthesis for all of the above content from 'The Concise Encyclopedia of Islam' by Cyril Glassé, HarperCollins pbk. ed., 1991):
All spiritual methods also necessarily involve the practice of virtues, summarized in the concept of ihsan, the surpassing of self, which a Sacred Hadith defines thus: "Worship God as if you saw Him, for if you do not see Him, nevertheless, He sees you." To this the Sufis add: "And if there were no you, you would see', and make the summation of mystical virtue the quality of "spiritual poverty" (faqr). By faqr, they mean emptying the soul of the ego's false "reality" in order to make way for what God wills for the soul. They seek to transform the soul's natural passivity into re-collected wakefulness on the present, mysterious active as symbolized by the transformation of Moses' hand. Humility and love of one's neighbor cut at the root of the illusion of the ego and remove those faults within the soul that are obstacles to the Divine Presence. "You will not enter paradise", the Prophet said, "until you love one another". The disciple should live in surroundings and in an ambience that are aesthetically and morally compatible with spiritual interiorization, in the sense that "The Kingdom of God is within you". The need for such supports for the spiritual life can be summed up in the Hadith: "God is beautiful and He loves beauty. Ibn 'Atâ Allâh wrote:
As he also points out, the path is surpassing the self:
As we approach the launch of the Diamond Jubilee of Noor Mowlana Hazar Imam, May Noor Mowlana Hazar Imam fill all our spiritual hearts with his NOOR and nothing else! may we all be blessed with Zaheri-Noorani Didar and many, many Batini-Noorani Didars in our personal search for higher spiritual enlightenment through the Noor of Mowlana Hazar Imam. Ameen.
Dhikr Section: New Luminous Dhikr Titled Noore Karim, Ya Rabb
In the firman made on December 13, 1964 in Karachi, Noor Mowlana Hazar Imam said that 'his Noor has indicated to you where and in which direction you must turn, so as to obtain spiritual and material satisfaction'. I have taken this firman to my heart and am now doing dhikrs which call on the Noor directly because in my heart, Noor Mowlana Shah Karim Al-Hussaini (a.s.) is the pillar of Light and is represented by the words 'Noore Karim' in the dhikrs. I firmly hold on to this luminous pillar in my dhikr of Noore Karim, Ya Rabb. Let us perform the luminous dhikr of Noore Karim, Ya Rabb with utmost humility and tenderness of the heart (length 2 min 22 sec; 3.3 MB). The lyrics for the 40 beads are given below:
Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim
In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful
Noore Karim, Ya Rabb
With the wasila of Noore Karim, I call upon the Lord (Rabb)
Al-hamdu lillahi rabbil 'alamin.
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds!
Reaffirmation of Baiyat:
Let us also reaffirm our baiyat to our Holy Imam, NOOR Mowlana Shah Karim Al-Hussaini Hazar Imam by reciting the Shahada from the second part of our Holy Dua:
"La ilaha illallah, Muhammadur-Rasoolullah, 'Aliyyun Amirul-Mu'mineen 'Aliyullah
Mowlana Shah Karim ul Hussaini, Al-Imamul Hazarul Maujood."
"There is no deity except Allah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah, 'Ali - the master of believers - is from Allah. Our Lord Shah Karim Al-Hussaini is our present and living Imam"
Angelic Salwat Nazrana:
Let us now start presenting a nazrana of at least 101 salwats or continuous salwat for 3 to 5 minutes to our beloved NOOR Mowlana Shah Karim Al-Hussaini Hazar Imam for the fulfillment of our noble wishes. May our beloved Mowla continually keep us on the Right Path. Ameen.
Bismillahir Rahmanir Rahim
In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful
Allâhumâ salli alâ Muhammadin wa âle Muhammad:
O Allah! Bestow Peace on and through Muhammad and his Descendants
Al-hamdu lillahi rabbil 'alamin.
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the worlds!
May NOOR Mowlana Shah Karim Al-Hussaini Hazar Imam (a.s.) grant peace, prosperity, happiness, barakat, higher spiritual enlightenment, spiritual & luminous tayid (help) and empowerment to you, your family, your Jamat and the worldwide Jamat! Ameen.
Rakh Mowla je Noor te Yaqeen (Certainly, we trust in Mowla's Light only)
Haizinda — Qayampaya
(Our Present Imam is Living and His NOOR is Eternal)
Your spiritual brother,
Friday, June 16 2017
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